Specifically, there are twenty(20) different types of fatty acids that the human body needs for optimum health. It can manufacture all but two(2) of these twenty. These two must be obtained from the diet and are known as the Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs); OMEGA-6 Linoleic Acid (LA) and OMEGA-3 Linolenic Acid (LNA).
The Essential Fatty Acid Ratio
For optimum health, these two EFA’s need to be consumed in a certain ratio. Recommendations for the optimum health ratio of OMEGA-6 to OMEGA-3 fatty acids in the human diet have been formulated by the World Health Organization, Sweden and Japan. The average recommended ratio is 4:1.
Hemp Seed Oil also contains the super polyunsaturated fatty acid Gamma-Linolenic Acid (known as GLA). GLA is an important step in the body’s production of prostaglandin which helps maintain hormonal balance. The human body is normally able to metabolize GLA from the EFAs. A diet high in saturated and hydrogenated fats, a lifestyle filled with stress, and aging, will all block this metabolic process. Thus consuming GLA is vital to bypassing these GLA metabolism blockages.
The Unhealthy Fat
The unhealthiest fat to eat is a polyunsaturate which has been heated past 360 F. It is at this temperature that a polyunsaturated fatty acid will change it’s shape from a “cis” to a “trans” configuration. This “unhealthy fat”, when absorbed into the cell, disrupts normal cellular functions and hinders metabolic activities. Many deep-fried foods and hydrogenated oils contain this fat.
Essential Amino Acids
Proteins in the body serve many functions, acting as enzymes, antibodies and structural components of tissues and hormones. The building blocks of proteins are amino acids and the main function of dietary protein is to supply amino acids for the growth and maintenance of the body tissue. Ten of the twenty amino acids are considered essential for life because the human body cannot manufacture them. When a food contains all ten essential amino acids, it is referred to as a complete protein.
Many plant proteins are labeled “incomplete” proteins resulting from the low amounts of one or more of the ten essential amino acids. Truth be told, the “incomplete” label is somewhat misleading as all plant proteins do contain each of the essential amino acids. But in most cases (e.g. grains, legumes), levels of one or more amino acids are insufficient for human needs. However, hemp protein supplies enough of each of the essential amino acids to contribute to the human body’s requirements. In fact, an important aspect of hemp protein is that it is a quality source of the amino acids arginine and histidine, both of which are important for growth during childhood, and of the sulfur-containing amino acids methionine and cysteine, both of which are needed in the production of vital enzymes. Hemp protein also contains relatively high levels of the branched chain amino acids that are crucial in the repair and growth of lean body mass, making hemp protein a worthwhile investment.
More on HEMP and the beauty of it can be found HERE.