HBW seeds, Argyreia Nervosa Chemistry Part II
Dispelling the Myths and Misconceptions
D-Lysergic Acid Amide (LSA)
D-lysergic acid amide differs only slightly in chemical structure from LSD, but is much less potent. Albert Hoffmann invented LAD, but unlike common belief, he didn’t simply create it; he synthesized LSA into LSD in his search for something completely differemt. (Discussion regarding that is HERE.) This chemical is found in many varieties of the common morning glory (Rivea, Ipomcea, Argyreia, Convolvulus species). This compound occurs in the leaves, seeds, and stem of these plants, in a slightly higher concentration in the seeds. The seeds of the morning glories Ipomoea violacea and Rivea corymbosa are believed to have been the sacred “ololiuqui” of the ancient Aztecs. In modern times, these plants have been observed in use by indigenous groups in the Mexican state of Oaxaca, in curing ceremonies as a substitute for mushrooms in the dry season.
Nausea and diarrhea are the most commonly reported somatic effects of the seeds, and may be a result of any number of the ergoline compounds in the seeds. Consuming these seeds is highly discouraged. Some varieties reportedly contain small concentrations of a central nervous system stimulant. Other varieties may produce a narcotic-like drowsiness, possibly due to a glucoside present in the seeds. The garden varieties of I. violacea (Heavenly Blues, Pearly Gates, Wedding Bells, Summer Skies, Flying Saucers) may contain ergometrine, a strong hemostatic and uterotonic used medicinally in childbirth.
Commonly reported initial psychic effects include: listlessness, apathy, irritability, and a general suspension of thought. These effects appear about a half an hour after ingestion and last for several hours. This period may be followed by a more pleasant state of elation, serenity, well-beings. Reportedly, as the psychic effects of the seeds intensify with increasing dosages levels, the somatic effects increase to discomfort, and may approach the level of a toxic overdose.
So again, we offer this information to discourage any consumption of HBWR seeds; they make amazing plants in any Shamanic Garden, and that s why we offer these plants. Seeds sold commercially in the United States are also now coated with a fungicide that causes vomiting and diarrhea when ingested. This compound is not water-soluble, and hence cannot be washed away.
The Hawaiian Baby Woodrose, Argyreia nervosa, is another member of the morning glory family which is grown as an ornamental in the U.S.A., and whose seeds may contain hallucinogenic lysergic acid derivatives. The chemical constituents and effects of Baby Hawaiian Woodrose seeds are very similar to those of the common morning glory. Because they are larger, and because the alkaloid content of A. nervosa is ten times as high as Ipomoea violacea. It is thought that if the white layer on the surface of the seeds is not removed, users will experience vomiting. but, there is no evidence that this layer is more toxic than the rest of the seed. Another plant, Hawaiian Woodrose, Ipomoea tuberosa contains the same alkaloids, but in minute amounts, so they are not of any interest to this particular discussion.
LSA, or D-Lysergic Acid Amide, is listed as a Schedule III controlled substance in the United States, implemented as part of the “Controlled Substances Act” in 1970. The “Controlled Substances Act” was designed to limit and control access to drugs that can make you “high” or intoxicated in a pleasant way, and also is now used to control certain other drugs of abuse such as anabolic steroids used by athletes to increase muscle mass. The FDA decides which drugs are prescription, while the DEA (Drug Enforcement Administration) decides which drugs are controlled substances. In 1970, the Controlled Substances Act replaced the “Harrison Narcotic Act” which preceded it. The newer act allows for finer control of “drugs of abuse,” since it uses 5 categories instead of 3. With the Controlled Substances Act came harsher prison sentences, new DEA registration numbers for all prescribers or drug handlers, and other additions that are beyond the scope of this discussion. Most states have passed laws that mirror the Controlled Substances Act, although from state to state there are differences and peculiarities. As a rule, a state can add restrictions to the federal Act, but almost never reverses or reduces them.
So, specific to LSA, and under section “C. Depressants” are two entries:
(7) Lysergic acid 7300
(8) Lysergic acid amide 7310
Schedule III means that the drug or other substance has a potential for abuse less than the drugs or other substances in Schedules I and II, that the drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States, and that abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence. Prescriptions may be written for Schedule III substances, and can be oral or written.
In 1986, further legislation, called “The Controlled Substance Analogue Act” was passed. The act provides that a controlled substance analogue shall, to the extent intended for human consumption, be treated as a controlled substance in Schedule I. The term “controlled substance analogue” is defined as a substance that:
(i) the chemical structure of which is substantially similar to the chemical structure of a controlled substance in schedule I or II;
(ii) which has a stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system that is substantially similar to or greater than the stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system of a controlled substance in schedule I or II; or
(iii) with respect to a particular person, which such person represents or intends to have a stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system that is substantially similar to or greater than the stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system of a controlled substance in schedule I or II.
There have been several attempts to prosecute cases under this act, but none have been successful, because the language of the Act is so vague. The meaning of “substantially similar” is so vague that cases were dismissed when it was concluded that “the analog statute was unconstitutionally vague.” See HERE for a discussion.
At the time of the writing of this paper, there have been zero arrests, and zero prosecutions for the ingestion of either Morning Glory Seeds or Hawaiian Baby Woodrose seeds, though pure, extracted, or manufactured LSA is clearly illegal to sell, purchase, or consume. Morning glory and Woodrose seeds are legal to possess for normal horticultural use, but according to strict interpretation of the laws, when sold or consumed as a narcotic plant to be consumed, or even when ground to a powder, they become illegal. (Grinding them constitutes an extraction, which is quite illegal.)
- Argyreia nervosa in Ayurvedic Medicine – A Brief Discussion
- Botany of HBWR Seeds – Includes chemical analysis.
- Comparison of A. nervosa and Morning Glory seeds – by Richard Schultes
- Cultivating Argyreia nervosa – Complete Details and Growing Tips.
- The Convolvulaceae Family of Plants – by K. Edley.
- History of Hawaiian Baby Woodrose Seeds – from Psychedelic Encyclopedia.
- Location of Hawaiian Baby Woodrose – Where the Are in the World.
- Ergot of Rye – from a college botany lecture.
- Myths & Misconceptions: Hawaiian Baby Woodrose Seeds – by K. Edley.
- Mexican divinatory agent: Ololiuhqui – by Gordon & Wasson